Nasholm T, McDonald AJS
Dependence of Amino-Acid-Composition Upon Nitrogen Availability in Birch (Betula-Pendula)
Physiologia Plantarum: 1990 80:507-514
Small birch plants (Betula pendula Roth.) were grown at different rates of exponentially increasing nitrogen supply. This resulted in plants with different relative growth rates and different internal nitrogen concentrations. Within a nitrogen treatment, both of these variables remained constant with time. Free amino acids were measured in leaves and roots of the seedlings at two different harvests. At greater nitrogen supply, higher concentrations of total amino acid nitrogen were found in roots and leaves. The ratio of amino acid nitrogen to total nitrogen was low albeit greater at higher nitrogen supply. Higher concentrations of amino acid nitrogen were mainly due to high concentrations of citrulline, glutamine, gamma-aminobutyric acid and arginine. Greater leaf concentrations of amino acid nitrogen at higher nitrogen supply may be related to increased concentrations in the xylem sap and/or may be indicative of small excesses of nitrogen with respect to current nitrogen usage in protein synthesis.
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