Our primary research goal is to identify the key adaptive mechanisms that result in short- and long-term acquisition of abiotic stress tolerance. To address this, our research currently has two main themes: 1) how are environmental "signals" sensed and, in turn, converted into a genetic response, and 2) how is primary metabolism modulated in response to fluctuations in growth temperature. The outcomes from this research are being applied to developing new tools for increased stress tolerance in herbaceous crops and forest plantation species and to studies of how we can incorporate understanding of acclimation of primary metabolism into global circulation models.

Vaughan Hurry 1150

One of the key questions on the international research agenda today is how various biotopes, natural and cultivated, will respond to the changes to the environment resulting from human activities. Plant carbon metabolism plays a crucial role in determining the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere and the mean annual temperature of the earth's surface. Each year, photosynthetic carbon assimilation removes ca. 120 gigatonnes (Gt) of carbon from the atmosphere, with much of this carbon being used by heterotrophic organisms (i.e. animals, fungi, and bacteria).

Scaling up from laboratory based experiments to ecosystem – level responses can be facilitated by studies in intact systems. The experiment shown is from the CANIFLEX project where the fate of carbon taken up by the forest was tracked through the trees and the soil biota and back to the atmosphere using stable isotopes. The impacts of environmental changes, such as altering nitrogen availability, could then be studied at different trophic levels within the intact forest stand. This large scale, multiyear study was carried out together with colleagues from UPSC (T. Näsholm) and SLU (P. Högberg and S. Linder).
In addition, plants return ca. 60 Gt carbon per year to the atmosphere via respiration when producing the energy and carbon intermediates necessary for biosynthesis and cellular maintenance.This is a very large flux compared with the ca. 8 Gt carbon per year released from the burning of fossil fuels. Thus, fundamental metabolic processes such as photosynthesis and respiration play a critical role in determining a wide range of ecological phenomena, from the productivity of individual plants, species fitness, particular environments, and the resulting species composition of particular biotopes. Understanding such processes, and how they respond to environmental perturbations, provides insight into the underlying mechanisms that will drive future phenotypic replacements in response to climate change. Growth temperature is one of the most important climate parameters that impacts on the global fluxes through these C-assimilatory and C-emission pathways. For example, as part of the thermal acclimation process (i.e. adjustment in the rate of metabolism to compensate for a change in growth temperature), cold-grown leaves exhibit higher transcript and activity levels of photosynthetic and sucrose synthesis enzymes, accompanied by increased capacity of mitochondrial electron transport than their warm-grown counterparts. As a result, sustained exposure to low growth temperatures typically results in an increase in the rate of assimilation and respiration at low temperatures. Given the predicted increase in the annual mean temperature of the Earth's surface, a major challenge for plant ecology and climate-vegetation modelling is identifying whether sustained changes in growth temperature will systematically alter the leaf-trait scaling relationships linking assimilation and respiration to leaf mass to area ratio and nitrogen concentrations. To answer this challenge, a far better understanding of the responses of organellar functions to fluctuations in environmental inputs (e.g. temperature, water and nutrients) is required. We have shown that incorporating acclimation into the predictive models results in significant regional effects on the prevalence of different functional groups in different biomes. For example, it alters the predictions of the abundance of needle trees in the boreal forest zone relative to broad-leafed trees. Such changes will have very significant consequences for major industries such as Sweden's forest industry and consequently for the national economy. Our future research will develop additional data sets to incorporate acclimation to temperature,variations in response to altered soil nutritional status, rainfall, etc. to improve the predictive capacity of climate models.

sweden_greySvensk sammanfattning

Publication list

  1. Can leaf net photosynthesis acclimate to rising and more variable temperatures?
    Plant Cell Environ. 2019 Feb 1 [Epub ahead of print]
  2. Microbial community response to growing season and plant nutrient optimisation in a boreal Norway spruce forest
    SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY 2018, 125:197-209
  3. Can Antarctic lichens acclimatize to changes in temperature?
    GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 2018, 24(3):1123-1135
  4. Contrasting acclimation abilities of two dominant boreal conifers to elevated CO2 and temperature
    Plant Cell Environ. 2018, 41 (6):1331-1345
  5. Can Antarctic lichens acclimatise to changes in temperature?
    Glob Chang Biol. 2017 Nov 15 [Epub ahead of print]
  6. Metabolic reprogramming in response to cold stress is like real estate, it's all about location
    Plant Cell Environ. 2017, 40 (5):599-601
  7. Thermal limits of leaf metabolism across biomes
    Glob Chang Biol. 2016, 23 (1):209-223
  8. Informing climate models with rapid chamber measurements of forest carbon uptake
    Glob Chang Biol. 2017, 23(5):2130-2139
  9. Circadian and Plastid Signaling Pathways Are Integrated to Ensure Correct Expression of the CBF and COR Genes during Photoperiodic Growth
    Plant Physiol. 2016, 171(2):1392-1406
  10. Convergence in the temperature response of leaf respiration across biomes and plant functional types
    PNAS 2016, 113(14):3832-3837
  11. Stress-related hormones and glycinebetaine interplay in protection of photosynthesis under abiotic stress conditions
    Photosynth Res. 2015, 126 (2-3):221-235
  12. Genetics of superior growth traits in trees are being mapped but will the faster-growing risk-takers make it in the wild?
    Tree Physiol. 2014, 34(11):1141-1148
  13. Snowed in for survival: Quantifying the risk of winter damage tooverwintering field crops in northern temperate latitudes
    Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2014; 197:65–75
  14. Role of CBFs as Integrators of Chloroplast Redox, Phytochrome and Plant Hormone Signaling during Cold Acclimation
    Int J Mol Sci. 2013 Jun 18;14(6):12729-63
  15. Are ectomycorrhizal fungi alleviating or aggravating nitrogen limitation of tree growth in boreal forests?
    New Phytol. 2013 Jan 29
  16. Ivanov AG, Rosso D, Savitch LV, Stachula P, Rosembert M, Oquist G, Hurry V, Hüner NP
    Implications of alternative electron sinks in increased resistance of PSII and PSI photochemistry to high light stress in cold-acclimated Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Photosynth Res. 2012 Sep;113(1-3):191-206
  17. Keel SG, Campbell CD, Högberg MN, Richter A, Wild B, Zhou X, Hurry V, Linder S, Näsholm T, Högberg P.
    Allocation of carbon to fine root compounds and their residence times in a boreal forest depend on root size class and season
    New Phytol: 2012 194(4): 972-981
  18. Searle SY, Thomas S, Griffin KL, Horton T, Kornfeld A, Yakir D, Hurry V, Turnbull MH
    Leaf respiration and alternative oxidase in field-grown alpine grasses respond to natural changes in temperature and light
    New Phytologist: 2011 189:1027-1039
  19. Atkinson LJ, Campbell CD, Zaragoza-Castells J, Hurry V, Atkin OK
    Impact of growth temperature on scaling relationships linking photosynthetic metabolism to leaf functional traits
    Functional Ecology: 2010, 24:1181-1191
  20. Högberg MN, Briones MJI, Keel SG, Metcalfe DB, Campbell C, Midwood AJ, Thornton B, Hurry V, Linder S, Näsholm T, Högberg P
    Quantification of effects of season and nitrogen supply on tree below-ground carbon transfer to ectomycorrhizal fungi and other soil organisms in a boreal pine forest
    New Phytologist: 2010 187:485-493
  21. Metcalfe DB, Lobo-do-Vale R, Chaves MM, Maroco JP, Aragão LEOC, Malhi Y, Da Costa AL, Braga AP, Gonçalves PL, De Athaydes J, Da Costa M, Almeida SS, Campbell C, Hurry V, Williams M, Meir P
    Impacts of experimentally imposed drought on leaf respiration and morphology in an Amazon rain forest
    Functional Ecology: 2010 24:524-533
  22. Ruelland E, Vaultier M-N, Zachowski A, Hurry V
    Cold signalling and cold acclimation in plants
    Advances in Botanical Research: 2009 49:35-150
  23. Atkin OK, Sherlock D, Fitter AH, Jarvis S, Hughes JK, Campbell C, Hurry V, Hodge A
    Temperature dependence of respiration in roots colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
    New Phytologist: 2009 182:188-199
  24. Ivanov AG, Sane PV, Hurry V, Öquist G, Huner, NPA
    Photosystem II reaction centre quenching: mechanisms and physiological role
    Photosynthesis Research:2008 98:565-574
  25. Ruelland E, Vaultier M-N, Zachowski A, Hurry V
    Cold Signalling and Cold Acclimation in Plants
    Advances in Botanical Research: 2009 49:35-150
  26. Atkin OK, Atkinson LJ, Fisher RA, Campbell CD, Zaragoza-Castells J, Pitchford JW, Woodward FI, Hurry V
    Using temperature-dependent changes in leaf scaling relationships to quantitatively account forthermal acclimation of respiration in a coupled global climate-vegetation model
    Global Change Biology: 2008 14:2709-2726
  27. Reduced levels of cytochrome b6/f in transgenic tobacco increases the excitation pressure on photosystem II without increasing sensitivity to photoinhibition in vivo
    Photosynthesis Research: 1996 50:159-169

  28. Ivanov AG, Hurry V, Sane PV, Öquist G, Huner NPA
    Reaction centre quenching of excess light energy and photoprotection of Photosystem II
    Journal of Plant Biology: 2008 51:85-96
  29. Hjältén J, Lindau A, Wennström A, Blomberg P, Witzell J, Hurry V, Ericson L
    Unintentional changes of defence traits in GM trees can influence plant herbivore interactions
    Basic and Applied Ecology: 2007 8:434-443
  30. Högberg P, Högberg MN, Göttlicher SG, Betson NR, Keel SG, Metcalfe DB, Campbell C, Schindbacher A, Hurry V, Lundmark T, Linder S, Näsholm T
    High temporal resolution tracing of photosynthate carbon from the tree canopy to forest soil microorganisms
    New Phytologist: 2008 177:220-228
  31. Keech O, Pesquet E, Ahad A, Askne A, Nordvall D, Vodnala SM, Tuominen H, Hurry V, Dizengremel P, Gardeström P
    The different fates of mitochondria and chloroplasts during dark-induced senescence in Arabidopsis leaves
    Plant, Cell and Environment: 2007 30:1523-1534
  32. Campbell C, Atkinson L, Zaragoza-Castells J, Lundmark M, Atkin O, Hurry V
    Acclimation of photosynthesis and respiration is asynchronous in response to changes in temperature regardless of plant functional group.
    New Phytologist: 2007 176:375-389
  33. Zaragoza-Castells J, Sánchez-Gómez D, Valladares F, Hurry V, Atkin OK
    Does growth irradiance affect temperature dependence and thermal acclimation of leaf respiration? Insights from Mediterranean tree with long-lived leaves
    Plant, Cell and Environment: 2007 30:820-833
  34. Zheng B, MacDonald TM, Sutinen S, Hurry V, Clarke AK
    A nuclear-encoded ClpP subunit of the chloroplast ATP-dependent Clp protease is essential for early development in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Planta: 2006 224:1103-1115
  35. Hendrickson L, Vlckova A, Selstam E, Huner N, Oquist G, Hurry V
    Cold acclimation of the Arabidopsis dgd1 mutant results in recovery from photosystem I-limited photosynthesis
    Febs Letters: 2006 580:4959-4968
  36. Ivanov AG, Hendrickson L, Krol M, Selstam E, Oquist G, Hurry V, Huner NPA
    Digalactosyl-diacylglycerol deficiency impairs the capacity for photosynthetic intersystem electron transport and state transitions in Arabidopsis thaliana due to photosystem I acceptor-side limitations
    Plant and Cell Physiology: 2006 47:1146-1157
  37. Rosso D, Ivanov AG, Fu A, Geisler-Lee J, Hendrickson L, Geisler M, Stewart G, Krol M, Hurry V, Rodermel SR, Maxwell DP, Huner NPA
    IMMUTANS does not act as a stress-induced safety valve in the protection of the photosynthetic apparatus of arabidopsis during steady-state photosynthesis
    Plant Physiology: 2006 142:574-585
  38. Lundmark M, Cavaco AM, Trevanion S, Hurry V
    Carbon partitioning and export in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana with altered capacity for sucrose synthesis grown at low temperature: a role for metabolite transporters
    Plant Cell And Environment: 2006 29:1703-1714
  39. Ivanov AG, Krol M, Sveshnikov D, Malmberg G, Gardestrom P, Hurry V, Oquist G, Huner NPA
    Characterization of the photosynthetic apparatus in cortical bark chlorenchyma of Scots pine
    Planta: 2006 223:1165-1177
  40. Benedict C, Geisler M, Trygg J, Huner N, Hurry V
    Consensus by democracy. Using meta-analyses of microarray and genomic data to model the cold acclimation signaling pathway in Arabidopsis
    Plant Physiology: 2006 141:1219-1232
  41. Druart N, Rodriguez-Buey M, Barron-Gafford G, Sjodin A, Bhalerao R, Hurry V
    Molecular targets of elevated [CO2] in leaves and stems of Populus deltoides: implications for future tree growth and carbon sequestration
    Functional Plant Biology: 2006 33:121-131
  42. Matsubara S, Hurry V, Druart N, Benedict C, Janzik I, Chavarria-Krauser A, Walter A, Schurr U
    Nocturnal changes in leaf growth of Populus deltoides are controlled by cytoplasmic growth
    Planta: 2006 223:1315-1328
  43. Guy C, Porat R, Hurry V
    Plant cold and abiotic stress gets hot
    Physiologia Plantarum: 2006 126:1-4
  44. Benedict C, Skinner JS, Meng R, Chang YJ, Bhalerao R, Huner NPA, Finn CE, Chen THH, Hurry V
    The CBF1-dependent low temperature signalling pathway, regulon and increase in freeze tolerance are conserved in Populus spp
    Plant Cell And Environment: 2006 29:1259-1272
  45. Goulas E, Schubert M, Kieselbach T, Kleczkowski LA, Gardestrom P, Schroder W, Hurry V
    The chloroplast lumen and stromal proteomes of Arabidopsis thaliana show differential sensitivity to short- and long-term exposure to low temperature
    Plant Journal: 2006 47:720-734
  46. Huner NPA, Ivanov AG, Sane PV, Pocock T, Król M, Balseris A, Rosso D, Savitch LV, Hurry VM, Öquist G
    Photoprotection of Photosystem II: Reaction center quenching versus antenna quenching
    In: Photoprotection, Photoinhibition, GeneRegulation and Environment, Springer 2005, pp. 155-174
  47. Hurry V, Igamberdiev AU, Keerberg O, Pärnik T, Atkin OK, Zaragoza-Castells J, Gardeström P
    Respiration in photosynthetic cells: Gas exchange components, interactions with photorespiration and the operation of mitochondria in the light
    In: Plant Respiration: From Cell to Ecosystem, Lambers H and Ribas-Carbo M, eds. Springer, pp. 43-61
  48. Gardestrom P, Hurry V
    New in Physiologia Plantarum
    Physiologia Plantarum: 2005 124:1-3
  49. Atkin OK, Bruhn D, Hurry VM, Tjoelker MG
    The hot and the cold: unravelling the variable response of plant respiration to temperature
    Functional Plant Biology: 2005 32:87-105
  50. Strand A, Foyer CH, Gustafsson P, Gardestrom P, Hurry V
    Altering flux through the sucrose biosynthesis pathway in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana modifies photosynthetic acclimation at low temperatures and the development of freezing tolerance
    Plant Cell and Environment: 2003 26:523-535
  51. Sane PV, Ivanov AG, Hurry V, Huner NPA, Oquist G
    Changes in the redox potential of primary and secondary electron-accepting quinones in photosystem II confer increased resistance to photoinhibition in low-temperature-acclimated Arabidopsis
    Plant Physiol: 2003 132:2144-2151
  52. Ivanov AG, Sane P, Hurry V, Krol M, Sveshnikov D, Huner NPA, Oquist G
    Low-temperature modulation of the redox properties of the acceptor side of photosystem II: photoprotection through reaction centre quenching of excess energy
    Physiologia Plantarum: 2003 119:376-383
  53. Hurry V, Druart N, Cavaco A, Gardeström P, Strand A
    Photosynthesis at low temperatures: a case study with Arabidopsis
    In Plant Cold Hardiness: gene regulation and genetic engineering. (P.H. Li & E.T. Palva, eds). 2002, pp161-180
  54. Stitt M, Hurry V
    A plant for all seasons: alterations in photosynthetic carbon metabolism during cold acclimation in Arabidopsis
    Curr Opin Plant Biol: 2002 5:199-206
  55. Krol M, Hurry V, Maxwell DP, Malek L, Ivanov AG, Huner NPA
    Low growth temperature inhibition of photosynthesis in cotyledons of jack pine seedlings (Pinus banksiana) is due to impaired chloroplast development
    Canadian Journal of Botany-Revue Canadienne De Botanique: 2002 80:1042-1051
  56. Stitt M, Hurry V
    Plant odyssey - Adaptation of plants to cold
    Biofutur: 2002 18-21
  57. Savitch LV, Barker-Astrom J, Ivanov AG, Hurry V, Oquist G, Huner NPA, Gardestrom P
    Cold acclimation of Arabidopsis thaliana results in incomplete recovery of photosynthetic capacity, associated with an increased reduction of the chloroplast stroma
    Planta: 2001 214:295-303
  58. Ciereszko I, Johansson H, Hurry V, Kleczkowski LA
    Phosphate status affects the gene expression, protein content and enzymatic activity of UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase in wild-type and pho mutants of Arabidopsis
    Planta: 2001 212:598-605
  59. Pocock TH, Hurry V, Savitch LV, Huner NPA
    Susceptibility to low-temperature photoinhibition and the acquisition of freezing tolerance in winter and spring wheat: The role of growth temperature and irradiance
    Physiologia Plantarum: 2001 113:499-506
  60. Hurry V, Strand A, Furbank R, Stitt M
    The role of inorganic phosphate in the development of freezing tolerance and the acclimatization of photosynthesis to low temperature is revealed by the pho mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana
    Plant J: 2000 24:383-396
  61. Strand A, Hurry V, Henkes S, Huner N, Gustafsson P, Gardestrom P, Stitt M
    Acclimation of Arabidopsis leaves developing at low temperatures. Increasing cytoplasmic volume accompanies increased activities of enzymes in the Calvin cycle and in the sucrose-biosynthesis pathway
    Plant Physiology: 1999 119:1387-1397
  62. Campbell D, Hurry V, Clarke AK, Gustafsson P, Oquist G
    Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis of cyanobacterial photosynthesis and acclimation
    Microbiol Mol Biol Rev: 1998 62:667-683
  63. Morcuende R, Krapp A, Hurry V, Stitt M
    Sucrose-feeding leads to increased rates of nitrate assimilation, increased rates of alpha-oxoglutarate synthesis, and increased synthesis of a wide spectrum of amino acids in tobacco leaves
    Planta: 1998 206:394-409
  64. Igamberdiev AU, Hurry V, Kromer S, Gardestrom P
    The role of mitochondrial electron transport during photosynthetic induction. A study with barley (Hordeum vulgare) protoplasts incubated with rotenone and oligomycin
    Physiologia Plantarum: 1998 104:431-439
  65. Hurry V, Anderson JM, Chow WS, Osmond CB
    Accumulation of Zeaxanthin in Abscisic Acid-Deficient Mutants of Arabidopsis Does Not Affect Chlorophyll Fluorescence Quenching or Sensitivity to Photoinhibition in Vivo
    Plant Physiol: 1997 113:639-648
  66. Balachandran S, Hurry VM, Kelley SE, Osmond CB, Robinson SA, Rohozinski J, Seaton GGR, Sims DA
    Concepts of plant biotic stress. Some insights into the stress physiology of virus-infected plants, from the perspective of photosynthesis
    Physiologia Plantarum: 1997 100:203-213
  67. Strand A, Hurry V, Gustafsson P, Gardestrom P
    Development of Arabidopsis thaliana leaves at low temperatures releases the suppression of photosynthesis and photosynthetic gene expression despite the accumulation of soluble carbohydrates
    Plant Journal: 1997 12:605-614
  68. Park YI, Chow WS, Anderson JM, Hurry VM
    Differential susceptibility of Photosystem II to light stress in light-acclimated pea leaves depends on the capacity for photochemical and non-radiative dissipation of light
    Plant Science: 1996 115:137-149
  69. Hurry V, Keerberg O, Parnik T, Oquist G, Gardestrom P
    Effect of Cold Hardening on the Components of Respiratory Decarboxylation in the Light and in the Dark in Leaves of Winter Rye
    Plant Physiol: 1996 111:713-719
  70. Seaton GGR, Hurry VM, Rohozinski J
    Novel amplification of non-photochemical chlorophyll fluorescence quenching following viral infection in Chlorella
    Febs Letters: 1996 389:319-323
  71. Price GD, Yu JW, Voncaemmerer S, Evans JR, Chow WS, Anderson JM, Hurry V, Badger MR
    Chloroplast Cytochrome B(6)/F and Atp Synthase Complexes in Tobacco - Transformation with Antisense Rna against Nuclear-Encoded Transcripts for the Rieske Fes and Atp-Delta Polypeptides
    Australian Journal of Plant Physiology: 1995 22:285-297
  72. Hurry VM, Strand A, Tobiaeson M, Gardestrom P, Oquist G
    Cold Hardening of Spring and Winter-Wheat and Rape Results in Differential-Effects on Growth, Carbon Metabolism, and Carbohydrate Content
    Plant Physiology: 1995 109:697-706
  73. Hurry VM, Keerberg O, Parnik T, Gardestrom P, Oquist G
    Cold-Hardening Results in Increased Activity of Enzymes Involved in Carbon Metabolism in Leaves of Winter Rye (Secale-Cereale L)
    Planta: 1995 195:554-562
  74. Krol M, Gray GR, Hurry VM, Oquist G, Malek L, Huner NPA
    Low-Temperature Stress and Photoperiod Affect an Increased Tolerance to Photoinhibition in Pinus-Banksiana Seedlings
    Canadian Journal of Botany-Revue Canadienne De Botanique: 1995 73:1119-1127
  75. Hurry V, Tobiaeson M, Kromer S, Gardestrom P, Oquist G
    Mitochondria Contribute to Increased Photosynthetic Capacity of Leaves of Winter Rye (Secale-Cereale L) Following Cold-Hardening
    Plant Cell and Environment: 1995 18:69-76
  76. Hurry VM, Malmberg G, Gardestrom P, Oquist G
    Effects of a Short-Term Shift to Low-Temperature and of Long-Term Cold Hardening on Photosynthesis and Ribulose-1,5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase Oxygenase and Sucrose-Phosphate Synthase Activity in Leaves of Winter Rye (Secale-Cereale L)
    Plant Physiology: 1994 106:983-990
  77. Clarke AK, Hurry VM, Gustafsson P, Oquist G
    2 Functionally Distinct Forms of the Photosystem-Ii Reaction-Center Protein D1 in the Cyanobacterium Synechococcus Sp Pcc 7942
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America: 1993 90:11985-11989
  78. Oquist G, Hurry VM, Huner NPA
    Low-Temperature Effects on Photosynthesis and Correlation with Freezing Tolerance in Spring and Winter Cultivars of Wheat and Rye
    Plant Physiol: 1993 101:245-250
  79. Huner NPA, Oquist G, Hurry VM, Krol M, Falk S, Griffith M
    Photosynthesis, Photoinhibition and Low-Temperature Acclimation in Cold Tolerant Plants
    Photosynthesis Research: 1993 37:19-39
  80. Hurry VM, Gardestrom P, Oquist G
    Reduced Sensitivity to Photoinhibition Following Frost-Hardening of Winter Rye Is Due to Increased Phosphate Availability
    Planta: 1993 190:484-490
  81. Oquist G, Hurry VM, Huner NPA
    The Temperature-Dependence of the Redox State of Q(a) and Susceptibility of Photosynthesis to Photoinhibition
    Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: 1993 31:683-691
  82. Oquist G, Hurry VM, Oquist MG, Huner NPA
    Differential Resistance of Frost-Hardened and Nonhardened Winter Rye to Photoinhibition of Photosynthesis Is Due to an Increased Capacity of Frost-Hardened Rye to Keep Q(a) Oxidized under Similar Irradiance and Temperature
    Photosynthetica: 1992 27:231-235
  83. Hurry VM, Huner NPA
    Effect of Cold Hardening on Sensitivity of Winter and Spring Wheat Leaves to Short-Term Photoinhibition and Recovery of Photosynthesis
    Plant Physiology: 1992 100:1283-1290
  84. Hurry VM, Krol M, Oquist G, Huner NPA
    Effect of Long-Term Photoinhibition on Growth and Photosynthesis of Cold-Hardened Spring and Winter-Wheat
    Planta: 1992 188:369-375
  85. Hurry VM, Huner NPA
    Low Growth Temperature Effects a Differential Inhibition of Photosynthesis in Spring and Winter-Wheat
    Plant Physiology: 1991 96:491-497