Growth and survival of lodgepole pine and Scots pine after 25 years in a reciprocal transplant experiment in Canada and Sweden
SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH 2017, 32(4):287-296
Fries A, Elfving B, Ukrainetz NK
Lodgepole pine is native to western North America, but it is also planted as a fast-growing alternative to Scots pine in Sweden. The production of these two species, when grown as native and as exotic species, was compared in a transcontinental two-species provenance experiment. The tests were planted in 1986 on five sites in northwestern Canada and two sites in Sweden, and included full-sib families, half-sib families, seed orchard collections and natural stand seed collections of both species. After 25 years, lodgepole pine produced 48% more volume (m(3)ha(-1)) and had 27% higher survival than Scots pine at one Swedish site, and had similar volume production and survival at a second. In the five Canadian sites, Scots pine produced on average 22% more volume than lodgepole pine. The variation between sites was, however, large. This higher volume of Scots pine in Canada could be due to higher survival (+28%) and less frequent damage; but higher top height for lodgepole pine in Canada indicated higher potential productivity. The results indicate that an exotic species may produce more than the native species, possibly thanks to higher survival, but it is also possible to increase production with successful population selection of the native species.
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