Dahlman L, Persson J, Nasholm T, Palmqvist K
Carbon and nitrogen distribution in the green algal lichens Hypogymnia physodes and Platismatia glauca in relation to nutrient supply
Planta: 2003 217:41-48
With the aim of understanding how some lichens can survive intensive fertilization we investigated two green algal ( Trebouxia) lichens, Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl. and Platismatia glauca (L.) W. Culb., and compared control (Ctr), and intensively fertilized (F) thalli. We measured total N, proteins and amino acids to assess lichen N status. Chlorophyll a indicated photosynthetic capacity and photobiont mass, ergosterol the metabolic demands of the fungus, and chitin the fungal biomass. For carbon status we measured glucose, the photobiont ( Trebouxia) export product ribitol, and the mycobiont-specific carbohydrates arabitol and mannitol. The F-thalli had 2-3 times higher protein and N concentrations, 5-10 times higher chlorophyll a concentrations, while ergosterol and chitin were doubled. The ribitol concentrations were 4-5 times higher in the F-thalli, while the fungal carbohydrates did not increase to the same extent. The amino acid arginine had increased 60-fold. The F-thalli also had a relatively higher N investment in the photobiont in relation to mycobiont tissue compared to the Ctr-thalli, probably resulting in an increased capacity for carbon assimilation, most possibly required for maintaining the higher nutrient status of the F-thalli. Arginine accumulation possibly avoided toxic effects of accumulated NH4+, albeit binding a significant fraction of assimilated carbon.
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