Multiple Roles of Jasmonates in Shaping Rhizotaxis: Emerging Integrators
Methods Mol Biol. 2020, 2085:3-22
Lakehal A, Ranjan A, Bellini C

Abstract
The root system and its architecture enormously contribute to plant survival and adaptation to the environment. Depending on the intrinsic genetic information and the surrounding rhizosphere, plants develop a highly plastic root system, which is a critical determinant for survival. Plant root system, which includes primary root (PR), lateral roots (LR) and adventitious roots (AR), is shaped by tightly controlled developmental programs. Phytohormones are the main signaling components that orchestrate and coordinate the genetic information and the external stimuli to shape the root system patterning or rhizotaxis. Besides their role in plant stress responses and defense against herbivory and pathogen attacks, jasmonic acid and its derivatives, including the receptor-active conjugate jasmonoyl-L-isoleucine (JA-Ile), emerge as potential regulators of rhizotaxis. In this chapter, we summarize and discuss the recent progress achieved during the recent years to understand the JA-mediated genetic and molecular networks guiding PR, LR, and AR initiation. We highlight the role of JAs as critical integrators in shaping rhizotaxis.

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