Synchrotron FTIR and Raman spectroscopy provide unique spectral fingerprints for Arabidopsis floral stem vascular tissues
J Exp Bot. 2018 Nov 8 [Epub ahead of print]
Dinant S, Wolff N, De Marco F, Vilaine F, Gissot L, Aubry E, Sandt C, Bellini C, Le Hir R

Abstract
Cell walls are highly complex structures that are modified during plant growth and development. For example, the development of phloem and xylem vascular cells, which participate in the transport of sugars and water as well as support, can be influenced by cell-specific cell wall composition. Here, we used synchrotron radiation-based infrared (SR-FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy to analyze the cell wall composition of wild-type and double mutant sweet11-1sweet12-1, which impairs sugar transport, Arabidopsis floral stem vascular tissue. The SR-FTIR spectra showed that in addition to modified xylem cell wall composition, phloem cell walls in the double mutant line were characterized by modified hemicellulose composition. Moreover, combining Raman spectroscopy with a Classification and Regression Tree (CART) method identified combinations of Raman shifts that could distinguish xylem vessels and fibers. Additionally, the disruption of SWEET11 and SWEET12 genes impacts xylem cell wall composition in a cell-specific manner, with changes in hemicelluloses and cellulose observed at the xylem vessel interface. These results suggest that the facilitated transport of sugars by transporters that exist between vascular parenchyma cells and conducting cells is important to ensuring correct phloem and xylem cell wall composition.

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