Biomass-Based Energy Production
in Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass, Second Edition (eds J. Clark and F. Deswarte) (2015), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
Arshadi M, Sellstedt A

Abstract
Today, bioenergy is a practical and increasingly widely available option for heating that is being adopted by many industries and households that are looking to use more sustainable energy sources. Biomass-derived fuels may be solids, liquids, or gases. They can be classified based on the processes used in their production, which include physical upgrading, microbiological processes, thermochemical processes, and chemical processes. The production of solid fuels from renewable resources has become more important due to the growing global demand for energy and environmental concerns. Various microbial processes can be exploited to utilize energy that has been stored in biomass by photosynthesis. Methanol, ethanol, and butanol are liquid biofuels that can be synthesized from biomass and used in both four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. These alcohols can be prepared from sugarcane, sugar beet, wheat, barley, corn, switch grass, agricultural residues, wood, and many other industrial wastes.

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