ABCG9, ABCG11 and ABCG14 ABC transporters are required for vascular development in Arabidopsis
The Plant Journal, 2013; 76(5):811-824

Le Hir R, Sorin C, Chakraborti D, Moritz T, Schaller H, Tellier F, Robert S, Morin H, Bako L, Bellini C

Abstract:
In order to gain insights into the regulatory pathways controlling phloem development, we characterized three genes encoding membrane proteins from the G subfamily of ABC transporters (ABCG9, ABCG11 and ABCG14), whose expressions in the phloem were confirmed. Mutations in the genes encoding these dimerizing "half transporters" are semidominant and result in vascular patterning defects in cotyledons and floral stem. Coimmunoprecipitation and bimolecular fluorescence complementation experiments demonstrated that these proteins dimerize, either by flexible pairing (ABCG11 and ABCG9) or by forming strict heterodimers (ABCG14). In addition, metabolome analyses and measurement of sterol ester contents in the mutants suggested that ABCG9, ABCG11 and ABCG14 are involved in lipid/sterol homeostasis regulation. Our results show that these three ABCG genes are required for proper vascular development in Arabidopsis thaliana.
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