Gapare WJ, Matheson CA, Ivkovic M, Baltunis BS, Wu HX
Genetic stability of wood density in Pinus radiata D. Don plantation estate across Australia
Tree Genetics and Genomes: 2010 6:113-125

Abstract
Genetic variation for wood quality traits and diameter growth for radiata pine (Pinus radiata D. Don) at age 20/21 years was estimated from eight trials in Australia. The traits studied were wood density, acoustic time-of-flight (an indirect measure of stiffness) and diameter at breast height (DBH). Wood density and DBH exhibited significant additive genetic variation whereas non-additive effects were not significantly different from zero. Time of flight was also not significantly different from zero for both additive and non-additive effects, respectively. Average single-site heritability estimates (±SE) for wood density and DBH were 0.38 ± 0.10 and 0.16 ± 0.08, respectively. Pooled-site heritability estimates for wood density and DBH were 0.38 ± 0.10 and 0.08 ± 0.10, respectively. For density, there was little evidence of genotype-by-environment interaction (GEI) across the eight trials at the additive level (type B additive genetic correlation; r BADD = 0.73 ± 0.08) and type B genetic correlation for full-sib families (r BFS = 0.64 ± 0.08). In contrast, the type B additive genetic correlation for DBH was lower, (r BADD = 0.51 ± 0.14), suggesting evidence of GEI. However, type B genetic correlation for full-sib families was moderate (0.63 ± 0.11) for DBH, suggesting that there may be some stable full-sib families. On the basis of the results of this study, GEI should be considered in order to optimise deployment of improved germplasm in Australia.

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