Nitrogen fixation and biomass production in symbiosis between Alnus incana and Frankia strains with differrent hydrogen metabolism
Physiol. Plant. 2006; 66(1):99-107
Sellstedt A, Huss-Danell K, Ahlqvist AS

Abstract
Three different strains of Frankia, the pure cultures AvcI1 and CpI1 and a local strain (crushed nodule inoculum), were compared in symbiosis with one clone of Alnus incana (L.) Moench. Hydrogen metabolism, nitrogenase (EC 1.7.99.2) activity and relative efficiency of nitrogenase were studied as well as growth and nitrogen content of the plants. The local Frankia strain showed no measurable hydrogen uptake but high H2-evolution. No H2-evolution was detected in Frankia AvcI1 because of its hydrogenase activity. CpI1 also had hydrogenase, although only a very small H2-evolution was detected at the end of the growth period. Hydrogenase activity was detected both in pure cultures and nodule homogenates of CpI1 and AvcI1. Growth, biomass production and nitrogen content were highest in alders inoculated with Frankia AvcI1 while the lowest values were found for alders living in symbiosis with the local Frankia strain. The presence of hydrogenase in Frankia seemed to be benefical for growth and biomass production in the alders. However, the strains also differed with respect to spore formation. The local strain, but not AvcI1 and CpI1, formed spores in the root nodules.

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