Persson J, Gardestrom P, Nasholm T
Uptake, metabolism and distribution of organic and inorganic nitrogen sources by Pinus sylvestris
Journal of Experimental Botany: 2006 57:2651-2659
Although an increasing number of studies show that many plant species have the capacity to take up amino acids from exogenous sources, the importance of such uptake for plant nitrogen nutrition is largely unknown. Moreover, little is known regarding metabolism and distribution of amino acid-N following uptake or of the regulation of these processes in response to plant nitrogen status. Here results are presented from a study following uptake, metabolism, and distribution of nitrogen from NO3-, NH4+, Glu, or Ala in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L). In a parallel experiment, Ala uptake, processing, and shoot allocation were also monitored following a range of pretreatments intended to alter plant C- and N-status. Uptake data, metabolite profiles, N fluxes through metabolite pools and tissues, as well as alanine aminotransferase activity are presented. The results show that uptake of the organic N sources was equal to or larger than NH4+ uptake, while NO3- uptake was comparatively low. Down-regulation of Ala uptake in response to pretreatments with NH4NO3 or methionine sulphoximine (MSX) indicates similarities between amino acid and inorganic N uptake regulation. N derived from amino acid uptake exhibited a rapid flux through the amino acid pool following uptake. Relative shoot allocation of amino acid-N was equal to that of NH(4)(+)but smaller than for NO3-. Increased N status as well as MSX treatment significantly increased relative shoot allocation of Ala-N suggesting that NH4+ may have a role in the regulation of shoot allocation of amino acid-N.
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