Novak O, Tarkowski P, Tarkowska D, Dolezal K, Lenobel R, Strnad M
Quantitative analysis of cytokinins in plants by liquid chromatography-single-quadrupole mass spectrometry
Analytica Chimica Acta: 2003 480:207-218
A sensitive method for the quantitative analysis of all natural isoprenoid cytokinins in plant material by electrospray single-quadrupole mass spectrometry is presented. A baseline chromatographic separation of 20 non-derivatised naturally occurring cytokinins has been developed. Precise analyses of O-glucoside and ribonucleotide fractions were also performed by the high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) but run separately from the basic cytokinin metabolites. Using post-column splitting, the flux from narrow-bore (2.1 mm, i.d.) reversed-phase liquid chromatography column was simultaneously introduced into the diode array and mass detector. Optimal conditions, including final flow rate, desolvation temperature, desolvation gas flow, capillary and cone voltage for effective ionisation in the electrospray ion source were found. When low cone voltage (20 V) was applied, all studied cytokinins were determined in aqueous methanol as dominant quasi-molecular ions of [M + H](+) with limits of detection ranging between 10 and 50 fmol. For routine analysis a linearity range between 25 (75) fmol and 100 pmol was obtained. Developed liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method in selective ion monitoring mode was employed to quantify cytokinin species in tobacco BY-2 suspension culture and poplar leaves (Populus x canadensis Moench, cv Robusta). Purified plant cell (BY-2) and plant tissue (poplar leaves) extracts were obtained by using two different ion-exchange chromatography steps, in combination with immunoaffinity purification using a broad-spectrum monoclonal anti-cytokinin antibody. The antibody strongly recognises the presence of N-6-substituent on purine skeleton and thus does not bind adenine and related compounds. The presence of authentic cytokinins in the extracts quantified by LC-MS was further verified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) with priorLC preparation. The combination of liquid chromatography-single-quadrupole mass spectrometry with immumoaffinity chromatography offers an efficient and elegant method for detection and quantification of cytokinin metabolites. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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