Ciereszko I, Johansson H, Kleczkowski LA
Sucrose and light regulation of a cold-inducible UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase gene via a hexokinase-independent and abscisic acid-insensitive pathway in Arabidopsis
Biochem J: 2001 354:67-72
UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (UGPase) is a key enzyme producing UDP-glucose, which is involved in an array of metabolic pathways concerned with, among other functions, the synthesis of sucrose and cellulose. An Arabidopsis thaliana UGPase-encoding gene, Ugp, was profoundly up-regulated by feeding sucrose to the excised leaves and by an exposure of plants to low temperature (5 degrees C). The UGPase activity and its protein content also increased under conditions of sucrose feeding and exposure to cold. The sucrose effect on Ugp was apparently specific and was mimicked by exposure of dark-adapted leaves to light. Drought and O2 deficiency had some down-regulating effects on expression of Ugp. The sugar-signalling pathway for Ugp regulation was independent of hexokinase, as was found by using transgenic plants with increased and decreased expression of the corresponding gene. Subjecting mutants deficient in abscisic acid (ABA) to cold stress conditions had no effect on Ugp expression profiles. Okadaic acid was a powerful inhibitor of Ugp expression, whereas it up-regulated the gene encoding sucrose synthase (Sus1), indicating distinct transduction pathways in transmitting the sugar signal for the two genes in A. thaliana. We suggest that Ugp gene expression is mediated via a hexokinase-independent and ABA-insensitive pathway that involves an okadaic acid-responsive protein phosphatase. The data point towards Ugp as a possible regulatory entity that is closely involved in the homoeostatic readjustment of plant responses to environmental signals.