Tavares F, Sellstedt A
A simple, rapid and non-destructive procedure to extract cell wall-associated proteins from Frankia
J Microbiol Methods: 2000 39:171-178
A simple cell fractionation procedure was developed to extract cell wall-associated proteins from the nitrogen-fixing actinomycete Frankia. The method was based on washing Frankia mycelia in 62.5 mM Tris-HCl (pH 6.8) buffer supplemented with 0.1% Triton X-100 as solubilizing agent. Cell wall-associated proteins were efficiently extracted in less than 10 min, recovering approximately 94.5+/-7.44 microg protein per extraction procedure from exponentially growing cells corresponding to 50 ml of culture. The amount of cell lysis occurring during the cell wall extraction was estimated to be 1.50+/-0.51%. Three peptidoglycan hydrolases with apparent molecular masses of 4.7, 12.1, and 17.8 kDa were detected by zymography in the cell wall-associated protein fraction. On the contrary, no cell wall lytic enzyme was detected in the cytoplasmic protein fraction. These results indicate that the present method enables a specific extraction of cell wall-associated proteins. Moreover, fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labelling of the cell surface proteins showed an efficient removal of cell wall-associated proteins. Growth of the treated Frankia cells (i.e. cells from which the cell wall-associated proteins were removed) in semi-solid media suggested that these cells were still viable. This technique is of importance for functionality studies of cell wall-associated proteins, particularly for bacteria where traditional cell fractionation methods are difficult to be applied.