Fries A, Ericsson T, Gref R
High heritability of wood extractives in Pinus sylvestris progeny tests
Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere: 2000 30:1707-1713
Pinosylvin, resin acid, fatty acid, and sterol contents were analyzed in north Swedish Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) heartwood from 160 and 44 trees in two full-sib progeny tests, aged 25 and 44 years, respectively. Large variations were found between individual trees, with coefficients of variation of ca. 0.7, 0.8, 0.3, and 0.5 for the four groups of extractives, respectively. Heritabilities were estimated to be 0.5-0.7, ca. 0.6, 0.3-0.8, and 0.6-0.9, respectively, and corresponding genetic coefficients of variation were 0.4-0.8, ca. 0.6, ca. 0.2, and 0.2-0.5, respectively. The results indicate that there is strong genetic control of the wide individual variation, which consequently provides excellent opportunities for genetic improvement. Although similarities in genetic parameters were observed at the two test sites, some differences in total levels of the extractive groups and in their isomeric ratios were detected. This suggests that the genetic control of these features, although strong, may be modulated by environmental factors or other influences, such as the phase of tree development.
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