Reindl A, Schoffl F, Schell J, Koncz C, Bako L
Phosphorylation by a cyclin-dependent kinase modulates DNA binding of the Arabidopsis heat-shock transcription factor HSF1 in vitro
Plant Physiology: 1997 115:93-100
Phosphorylation is one of the mechanisms controlling the activity of heat-shock transcription factors in yeast and mammalian cells. Here we describe partial purification, identification, and characterization of a protein kinase that phosphorylates the Arabidopsis heat-shock factor AtHSF1 at multiple serine residues. The HSF1 kinase forms a stable complex with AtHSF1, which can be detected by kinase pull-down assays using a histidine-tagged AtHSF1 substrate. The HSF1 kinase interacts with the cell-cycle control protein Suc1p and is immunoprecipitated by an antibody specific for the Arabidopsis cyclin-dependent CDC2a kinase. Phosphorylation by CDC2a in vitro inhibits DNA binding of AtHSF1 to the cognate heat-shock elements, suggesting a possible regulatory interaction between heat-shock response and cell-cycle control in plants.
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