Lindgren K, Hallgren JE
Cold-Acclimation of Pinus-Contorta and Pinus-Sylvestris Assessed by Chlorophyll Fluorescence
Tree Physiology: 1993 13:97-106
Needle samples of six provenances each of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl. var. latifolia) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), originating from latitudes 55 to 68-degrees-N in western Canada and northern Sweden, were collected during the autumn and subjected to freezing temperatures in the range of -8 to -29-degrees-C on three occasions in September and October. Needle injury was assessed by two different methods: visual assessment and chlorophyll a fluorescence. Chlorophyll a fluorescence data showed a highly significant correlation with the visual assessments of injury, indicating that the technique can be used as a simple, non-destructive and objective measure for rapid detection of freezing injury and for ranking of needle materials with respect to development of cold acclimation. The analyses showed that, during the autumn, lodgepole pine needles were more hardy and acclimated to low temperatures earlier than Scots pine needles.
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