Oquist G, Hurry VM, Huner NPA
Low-Temperature Effects on Photosynthesis and Correlation with Freezing Tolerance in Spring and Winter Cultivars of Wheat and Rye
Plant Physiol: 1993 101:245-250
The relationship between the redox state of primary, stable quinone acceptor of photosystem II (Q(A)) and the susceptibility of photosynthesis to photoinhibition at different temperatures was investigated. Non-hardened and cold-hardened seedlings of winter rye, and of winter and spring cultivars of wheat, were obtained by growth at either 20/16-degrees-C (day/night) or 5/5-degrees-C (day/night), respectively. A single, curvi-linear relationship was established between the steady-state redox level Of Q(A) and the susceptibility of photosynthesis to short-term (8 h) photoinhibition at 5 or 25-degrees-C when spring and winter cultivars of rye and wheat, in non-hardened or cold-hardened states, were plotted together. Furthermore, irrespective of temperature (0 to 25-degrees-C) or state of cold-hardiness, the susceptibility of photosynthesis to photoinhibition was controlled fully in winter rye by the redox state Of Q(A), e.g. similar susceptibilities to photoinhibition were obtained at 0, 5 and 25-degrees-C provided that the photon fluence rate at the different temperatures was adjusted to keep 50% of the photosystem II reaction centres in a closed state under steady-state illumination. Our results suggest that the primary reason plants become prone to photoinhibition at low temperatures is that the proportion of closed reaction centres increases due to the low temperature imposed constraints on photosynthesis. Thus, we propose that low temperature sensitized photoinhibition results from low temperature inhibition of photosynthesis rather than from low temperature inhibition of the photosystem II repair cycle.