Sitbon F, Eklof S, Riding RT, Sandberg G, Olsson O, Little CHA
Patterns of Protein-Synthesis in the Cambial Region of Scots Pine Shoots During Reactivation
Physiologia Plantarum: 1993 87:601-608
Changes in protein synthesis in cambial region cells were monitored in 1-year-old cuttings of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) collected in November, when the cambium was dormant, and subjected to environmental conditions that promoted or inhibited cambial growth. The proteins were labelled in vivo with L-[S-35]-methionine and separated using 2-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In budded cuttings cultured under environmental conditions favoring cambial reactivation, there was a reproducible quantitative change in 55 proteins (33 induced and 22 repressed), a less certain increase or decrease in 40 proteins, and no apparent change in about 150 proteins. Under the same conditions, 8 proteins were induced and 6 others were repressed in debudded cuttings treated apically with 1 mg indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in 1 g lanolin, in which cambial reactivation occurred, compared with debudded cuttings treated with plain lanolin in which the cambium did not reactivate. Three of the proteins induced in the IAA-reated cuttings only appeared after cambial cell division and derivative differentiation actually began, and the same proteins were found in budded cuttings after their cambium had become reactivated. In contrast, protein expression in cuttings exposed to environmental conditions that prevented cambial reactivation was similar at the beginning and end of the experimental period. These results indicate that the cambium was in the quiescence stage of dormancy at the start of the experiment, that quiescent cambial region cells can synthesize proteins as soon as exposed to environmental conditions favoring reactivation, and that only 3 of the approximately 250 proteins detected were specifically involved in cambial growth.
e-link to journal