Catala C, Ostin A, Chamarro J, Sandberg G, Crozier A
Metabolism of Indole- 3- Acetic- Acid by Pericarp Disks from Immature and Mature Tomato (Lycopersicon- Esculentum-Mill)
Plant Physiology: 1992 100:1457-1463
[1'-C-14,C-13(6)]indole-3-acetic acid was infiltrated into immature pericarp discs from fruits of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., cv Moneymaker). After a 24-h incubation period the discs were extracted with methanol and the partially purified extract was analyzed by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography-radiocounting. Five metabolite peaks (1-5) were detected and subsequently analyzed by combined high-performance liquid chromatography-frit-fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry. The metabolite 4 fraction was found to contain [C-13(6)]indole-3-acetylaspartic acid, and analysis of metabolite 5 identified [C-13(6)]indole-3-acetyl-beta-D-glucose. The other metabolites could not be identified, but alkaline hydrolysis studies and gel permeation chromatography indicated that metabolites 1 and 3 were both amide conjugates with a molecular weight of approximately 600. Studies with radiolabeled indole-3-acetic acid, indole-3-acetylaspartic acid, and indole-3-acetyl-beta-D-glucose demonstrated that in immature pericarp indole-3-acetic acid is deactivated primarily via metabolism to indole-3-acetylaspartic acid, which is further converted to metabolites 1, 2, and 3. In mature, pink pericarp discs, indole-3-acetic acid is converted more extensively to its glucosyl conjugate. Conjugation of indole-3-acetic acid to indole-3-acetylaspartic acid appears to be dependent upon protein synthesis because it is inhibited by cycloheximide. In contrast, cycloheximide has little effect on the further conversion of indole-3-acetylaspartic acid to metabolites 1, 2, and 3.
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