Melin PM, Pical C, Jergil B, Sommarin M
Polyphosphoinositide Phospholipase-C in Wheat Root Plasma-Membranes - Partial-Purification and Characterization
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta: 1992 1123:163-169
The effect of various detergents on polyphosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C activity in highly purified wheat root plasma membrane vesicles was examined. The plasma membrane-bound enzyme was solubilized in octylglucoside and purified 25-fold by hydroxylapatite and ion-exchange chromatography. The purified enzyme catalyzed the hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PIP) and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) with specific activities of 5 and 10-mu-mol/min per mg protein, respectively. Phosphatidylinositol (PI) was not a substrate. Optimum activity was between pH 6-7 (PIP) and pH 6-6.5 (PIP2). The enzyme was dependent on micromolar concentrations of Ca2+ for activity, and millimolar Mg2+ further increased the activity. Other divalent cations (4 mM Ca2+, Mn2+ and Co2+) inhibited (PIP2 as substrate) or enhanced (PIP as substrate) phospholipase C activity.
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