Kleczkowski LA, Randall DD, Zahler WL
The substrate specificity, kinetics, and mechanism of glycerate-3-kinase from spinach leaves
Arch Biochem Biophys: 1985 236:185-194
Glycerate-3-kinase (EC 22.214.171.124) from spinach leaves shows absolute specificity for D-glycerate as phosphate acceptor, yielding 3-phosphoglycerate as a product. ATP complexed with either Mg2+ or Mn2+ is the preferred phosphate donor. The enzyme has Km (D-glycerate) = 0.25 mM, Km (Mg-ATP) = 0.21 mM, Vmax = 300 mumol min-1 mg protein-1, and a turnover number = 12,000 X min-1. The equilibrium constant for the reaction is approximately 300 at pH 7.8. Pyrophosphate, 3-phosphoglycerate and ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate are the strongest inhibitors among the phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated metabolites tested, however, their regulatory role in vivo is questioned. Substrate kinetics, as well as product and analog inhibition data, are consistent with a sequential random mechanism. The distinct characteristic of the glycerate kinase-catalyzed reaction is the formation of a dead-end complex between the enzyme, D-glycerate, and 3-phosphoglycerate.